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Trafalgar Square

Trafalgar Square, replacing John Nash's square of the 1820's, was remodelled by architect, Charles Barry, in 1840 by creating the northern terrace and installing the steps. It is located at the intersections of Pall Mall, The Mall and Charing Cross Roads.

The square is dedicated to the heroics of Admiral Horatio Viscount Nelson (1758-1805,) who's likeness is depicted by an 18 foot-tall statue atop the 172 foot column in the center of the square. The British national hero, Admiral Nelson, was killed as he defeated the French and Spanish at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The statue was designed by E. H. Bailey and the column by William Railton in the 1830's. The relief sculptures on each aspect of the column's base done by Ternouth, Woodington, Watson and Carew. Additionally, there are four large bronze lions, created by Edward Landseer, guarding the base of the column.